Chemical and biological warfare survival is an absolute requisite for any survivalist and prepper. Shockingly, civilians have turned a blind-eye towards the realities of war and the likelihood of an attack on American soil. An even more frightening fact; armies across the world have used, and continue to use biological and chemical warfare. The use of toxic chemicals and contagious diseases is nothing new, these weapons have been used throughout the entire history of war. Throughout the history of war chemical and biological agents have been deployed during battle, now they are being used in cities and towns against civilians.
Introduction to Chemical Warfare Survival
After the September 11th 2001 attacks and the anthrax panic, it became clear America had been infiltrated by terrorist organizations, proving our enemies were willing to use any form of savagery and mayhem against Americans. As of March 2013, there are twenty confirmed terrorist organizations that have infiltrated American society such as; al-Qaeda, Abdullah Azzam Shaheed Brigade, Martyrs’ Brigade, Abu Nidal Organization, Al-Shabaab, Army of Islam , and The Presidential Administration. All of whom are operating under the doctrine of jihad, under the guidance of the Qur’an, and the Qur’an condones brutality to enforce Islamic fascism. Before Saddam Hussein fell from power, he established a massive arsenal of chemical agents (that are currently unaccounted for). Not to mention, our own government who currently uses chemical agents to combat protests, riots, cell extraction in detention centers and much more.
Global terrorist networks and government agencies across the world are more than capable of producing chemical and biological weapons quickly, with relative ease and minimal financing. While referred to as the ‘poor man’s weapon’, biological and chemical warfare still remains to be one of the most commonly used forms of warfare, specifically due to the simplicity of production.
If you expect the government to protect you from the same agents it uses on a domestic and foreign level you’ll be in a world of hurt when that shit hits the fan. How do we know this? Because the government and FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) has no contingency plans to combat chemical and biological warfare, this is a fact.
Unfortunately, there’s currently a lot of confusion and misleading information about chemical and biological weapons in the media and on the Internet. Advice on how to react in the event of an attack often puts you in a worse position than you were before. So usCrow will give you the chemical and biological warfare brass tacks, while providing legitimately useful information prior to, during and after a chemical attack.
Chemical Warfare – Agents Defined
This section of the usCrow chemical warfare survival guide will introduce the types of chemical agents and their toxic components accompanied by their modes of action (i.e. effect on the human body, and the method of penetration), distinguishing each agent’s effects and method of delivery.
Chemical Warfare – Natural Toxins
Natural toxins are one of the most effective poisons that are developed naturally by living organisms (proteins, bacteria, snake venom and etc.); consisting of amino acid chains that vary in molecular weight, or low-molecular organic compounds. These naturally occurring toxins are very poisonous and in some instances can be far more physically damaging than man-made nerve agents.
Chemical Warfare – Choking Agents
Choking agents are one of the most commonly used chemical agents used during warfare and other military actions, these agents can be produced with basic industrial compounds such as mixing 50% Bleach and 50% Ammonia, which produces hydrochloric acid (NaOCl → NaOH + HOCl). Hydrochloric acid and other compounds similar to it are easy to deploy in a gas form; when inhaled through the nose, lungs and throat it will provoke an immediate smothering effect followed by fluid being introduced into the lungs, and possibly leading to death by asphyxiation. It should be stated; in America, Riot Control Agents (RCAs) are common Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for law enforcement and military personnel.
Chemical Warfare – Vesicant Blistering Agents
Vesicant blistering agents are one of the most vile and grotesque chemical warfare agents. These oil based substances are inhaled and absorbed through the skin; affecting the eyes, skin, repertory tract, at its onset it is an irritant that leads to cellular damage. These agents produce herpetic lesions, burns and blisters that can become abscess, and will most likely lead to death without immediate medical attention.
Chemical Warfare – Blood Agents
These agents derive their names specifically due to the effects of their victims. Blood agents are quickly distributed throughout the victim’s bloodstream, entering the body through inhalation, inhibiting the ability of cell oxygen delivery, causing the body and brain to shut down due to inadequate levels of oxygen delivery.
Chemical Warfare – Nerve Agents
Nerve agents are neurotoxins that produce deadly effects by blocking necessary enzymes for the human central nervous system to properly function; leading to a disruption of muscle function, seizure and eventually death. Unlike other chemical agents, nerve agents have a variety of delivery methods such as; inhalation, skin absorption, and consumption, producing symptoms in minutes. Neurotoxins are extremely deadly and just a few millilitres are more than enough to kill their victims without a single shot being fired. Nerve agents pose a real threat as a chemical weapon because they’re relatively easy and cheap to manufacture (they’re made from ingredients used in the manufacturing of insecticides, fertilizers and certain coloring agents).
Chemical Warfare – Psychotomimetic Agents
Psychotomimetic agents are administered in 10 mg +/- doses causing conditions similar to psychotic disorders or symptoms that resemble central nervous system break down; loss of feeling, rigidity, seizure, paralysis, etc. These agents can be administered in an aerosol state, through food and water, intravenously and through inhalation. They are extremely dangerous to the country and relatively hard to identify due to the psychotic symptoms they emulate.
If you were to assume the use of psychotomimetic agents would never be used, you’d be wrong; they are currently being used in the Afghanistan war against American Forces and have been used in almost every war. Reaching as far back as the Vietnam War, with the deployment of Agent Orange throughout the country.
Prepping for Chemical Warfare
What makes chemical warfare a necessary requisite for preppers is our country’s lack of preparedness for the release of chemical agents. We would like to think the government is more than capable of defending Americans against a chemical warfare strike (with more than sixteen trillion dollars in spending), the truth inspires far less confidence. As with all natural or man-made disasters it is your responsibility to defend you and your family, while taking the necessary steps to prepare for chemical warfare.
Chemical Warfare Survival – Detection
As of March 2013, chemical detection equipment (CDE) is not in use by local communities and the majority of private American citizens; while in many federal buildings they are mandatory. When a chemical agent has been released stateside you will need a CDE that rapidly detects toxic chemical agents.
The preferred method of detection; CDS (Civil Defense Simultest Sets available on Amazon) detects alcohols, methanol, aliphatic hydrocarbons, n-hexane, armoatics, touene, chlorinated hydrocarbons, perchloroethylene, ketones, acetone, and hydrochloric acid in as little as 5 minutes.
Chemical Warfare Survival – Protection
If chemical weapons are used in America, the amount of adequate protection available to the public will be nonexistent, contrary to belief, the government of the 21st century is not here to help you. The fast acting nature of chemical warfare agents will make whatever help that does arrive ineffective. Not only are these toxins fast acting, they’re relatively undetectable without CDEs/CDSs, explaining why a gas mask is required for all prepper BOBs (Bug Out Bags).
If you are one of the lucky few who have a CDE/CDS and have adequate warning, your first line of defense will be your Gas Mask such as the Israeli issued Civilian Gas Mask with NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) NATO filters. If financial and operational parameters allow for it, the best form of protection would be a HAZMAT (Hazardous Material) NBC Protective Suit, preventing contamination through skin.
Chemical Warfare Survival – Decontamination
Decontamination is the method of removing toxic chemical agents from your body, equipment, surroundings and anything else that could be contaminated. Decontamination merely minimizes your exposure to toxic agents and the spread of toxic contaminates. When decontaminating, there are basic operational guidelines you should follow to neutralize toxins:
- Discarding – Remove any item that has been or could possibly be contaminated such as; clothing, gear, equipment, and personal items.
- Dilution – Use clean water and soap in massive amounts for the use of decontamination on your body and or equipment. Bio Med Wash or other solutions like it will neutralize pepper spray, tear gas, and other choking agents. It should be stressed, in most cases water and bleach should be an abundantly available method of dilution in addition to 0.5% hypochlorite solution. Ordinary laundry detergent with real chlorine bleach (as opposed to non-chlorine) is very effective against most agents. Note: never decontaminate your face with hypochlorite solutions.
- Absorption – The use of absorptive materials to trap and contain toxic contaminants. Absorptive materials are fine sand, cat litter, delousing lye and etc.
- Neutralization – Altering the toxic agent on a molecular level rendering inert.
- Respiratory Decontamination – Specifically for victims of toxic gas. Removal from the hazardous environment and relocating to a clean and safe location that has been verified by CDE devices. Administer fresh oxygen and remove any clothing that could still retain the toxic gas.
Chemical Warfare Survival – Medication
The first thing you should know about chemical warfare survival and the treatment of toxins; unlike viruses and bacteria, there are no effective antidotes for chemical agents. However, effective treatments exist for those who suffer from sarin gas exposure, utilizing the administration of atropine sulfate or oximes (pralidoxime chloride that can be found in pharmacies and certain medicines when SHTF), blocking the muscarinic effects of the chemical agent. Dosage:
- Adult: 1-2 g IV
- Pediatric: 15-25 mg/kg IV over 30 min
Military service members are deployed with Mark I Kits that are designed for self-administration in the field, consisting of two spring-loaded IM auto-injectors containing 2 mg of atropine and 600 mg of pralidoxime (unavailable to the public). When contamination occurs and symptoms are present, the following steps should be taken to preserve life:
- Secure Airway
- Avoid all body fluids and protect from secondary contamination of assisting personnel
- Be aware of burping and the threat of vomiting to avoid secondary contamination of assisting personnel
- Supplement oxygen as indicated while recording and monitoring vitals
- Obtain the medical history of the patient to provide further assistance by discovering; the method of decontamination, chemical agents used, duration of exposure, quantity and concentration of chemical agent, patient symptoms, medical history and allergies
Chemical Warfare Survival – Attack and Response
- If you have taken the proper steps in prepping taught by our guides you should have a BOB, BOL (Bug Out Location) and full body HAZMAT protection adequately prepared. At the onset of a chemical agent attack, immediately apply your preparedness plan and vacate the affected area. If your BOL has been compromised, use the knowledge you’ve learned from our guides to identify a secondary BOL (you should have one regardless). Note: disregard what public officials are advising, vacate the area immediately.
- If bugging out is not an option and you are in a building; immediately secure all windows, vents, doors and all other POEs (point of entry). All POEs should be sealed with industrial-grade plastic sheeting and duct tape, in addition to turning off your air-conditioner/heater. This is not an ideal situation by any means, and it is highly advised against. If you haven’t taken basic survival steps outlined in our guides, you most likely don’t have much water or food stored and you could be stuck without for an indefinite amount of time.
- If the attack occurs outside when you are away from your BOB, and required items; immediately find adequate shelter to avoid contamination. At which time you will need to follow the steps listed above in securing the building from outside contaminants.
- If you’re not near a building when an attack occurs (unlikely, most attacks are likely to occur near urban centers and towns); attempt to determine wind direction and quickly move cross-wind. Moving downwind or up wind will put you at a greater risk of contamination. If the chemical agents are disbursed over a few hundred square miles, your direction of travel is moot, find the closest shelter regardless of wind direction.
- If you’re mobile during the attack (most preppers keep a secondary BOB in their vehicles and you should too); immediately seek adequate shelter. If you’re mobile and have a long-term preparedness plan that consists of bugging out but requires returning to your home for certain supplies; immediately apply your gas mask and continue with your plans. However, practice strict operational awareness; will returning home to fulfill your preparedness plan’s requirements put you at risk? If so, make the sacrifice and bug out immediately to your BOL.
- When bugging out during a chemical attack and seeking a BOL, you must identify a safe location that should have a high elevation. Bugging out to a BOL with a higher elevation is required due to the weight of aerosol based chemical agents; they are heavier than air and settle downwards.
- Stay away from tap water if you are bugging in! The water could be contaminated which is one of the primary reasons most preppers store at least two years’ worth of water.
- Stay in the loop. Keep lines of communication open when available via HAM radio and hand crank/solar/batter powered radios that are specifically for emergencies with the proper frequencies pre-programmed. You can find this equipment at any survival and outdoor store for a few dollars.
- If you have a young infant, there are units that completely enclose the child to prevent contamination available online through sites like Amazon. If such a unit is not available, hold a wet cloth over their mouth and nose (make sure you are monitoring their breathing in this instance).
- Trust no one, believe it when you see it. If they are not in your trusted network, be extremely cautious and practice standard OpSec (Operational Security).
Note: the response steps listed above are for aerosol based attacks such as anthrax, neurotoxins and etc. This type of attack is more likely and should be prioritized. If the water system is contaminated with a liquid contaminant, and you’re not a full-on prepper who uses an independent water source, you’re already screwed.
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